[31] Thus the upper arm in humans is proximal and the hand is distal. 'left'). How much will a midwifery schooling cost? [1][2] Much of this information has been standardised in internationally agreed vocabularies for humans (Terminologia Anatomica)[2] and animals (Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria).

Top antonyms for ventral (opposite of ventral) are dorsal, abaxial and rear. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (12) Anterior. [32], This terminology is also employed in molecular biology and therefore by extension is also used in chemistry, specifically referring to the atomic loci of molecules from the overall moiety of a given compound.[33]. Peripheral (from Latin peripheria, originally from Ancient Greek) describes something further away from the centre of something. Often in these cases, anterior/posterior are instead associated with caudal/cranial (common alternatives for cranial include cephalic or rostral). [36] For example, the external oblique muscle of the abdomen is deep to the skin.

Ventral antonyms. Thoracic cavity. Specific terms exist to describe how close or far something is to the head or tail of an animal. [65] Usually, the eyes are arranged in two roughly parallel, horizontal and symmetrical rows of eyes. Ventral is an adjective with the meanings: Directed toward or situated on the belly surface of, or anterior aspect of, the body; pertaining to the part or location opposite the anatomic back. For example, in a fish, the pectoral fins are dorsal to the anal fin, but ventral to the dorsal fin. Example: the ventral wall of the heart. Volar can also be used to refer to the underside of the palm or sole, which are themselves also sometimes used to describe location as palmar and plantar. Similarly, this term comes from the Latin word for ‘belly’, which is “venter”. Several terms are commonly seen and used as prefixes: Other terms are used as suffixes, added to the end of words: Superior (from Latin super 'above') describes what is above something[21] and inferior (from Latin inferus 'below') describes what is below it. Abs=anterior side.

Echinoderm larvae are not included, since they are bilaterally symmetrical. Anterior (from Latin ante 'before') describes what is in front,[23] and posterior (from Latin post 'after') describes what is to the back of something. Hickman, C. P., Jr., Roberts, L. S. and Larson, A. Demonstrative § Distal and proximal demonstratives, "A proposal for a standard terminology of anatomical notation and orientation in fossil vertebrate dentitions", 10.1671/0272-4634(2003)23[1:APFAST]2.0.CO;2, "Evaluation of the extent of neoplastic infiltration in small intestinal tumours in dogs", "Collins Online Dictionary | Definitions, Thesaurus and Translations", "Dictionary by Merriam-Webster: America's most-trusted online dictionary", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Anatomical_terms_of_location&oldid=988269234#Dorsal_and_ventral, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 November 2020, at 04:03.

Top antonyms for ventral (opposite of ventral) are dorsal, abaxial and rear. [49] Terms used to describe structures include "buccal" (from Latin bucca 'cheek') and "palatal" (from Latin) referring to structures close to the cheek and hard palate respectively.

[1] In humans, this refers to the body in a standing position with arms at the side and palms facing forward, with thumbs out and to the sides. [49], Several anatomical terms are particular to the hands and feet.[2]. Similarly, in the lower leg, structures near the tibia (shinbone) are tibial and structures near the fibula are fibular (or peroneal). All Rights Reserved. A note about quadrupedalism (as summarized on Wikipedia [my emphasis added]): Although the words quadruped and tetrapod are both derived from terms meaning "four-footed", they have distinct meanings. This English.SE question addresses etymology of the suffix "-erior.". Dorsal vs Posterior and Ventral vs Anterior, Feature Preview: New Review Suspensions Mod UX, Creating new Help Center documents for Review queues: Project overview, Using anatomical terms for human organs and parts of plants. Think of ventral (Latin venter = "belly") as being associated with the belly side (with belly referring to "swelling" or "inflating") -- or typically the side of the organism containing the digestive and respiratory organs. These terms are used to avoid confusion when describing the median surface of the hand and what is the "anterior" or "posterior" surface – "anterior" can be used to describe the palm of the hand, and "posterior" can be used to describe the back of the hand and arm. [34] For example, the great vessels run centrally through the body; many smaller vessels branch from these. Also, this Bio.SE post addresses anatomical terminology usage in plants and body organs. Ventral antonyms. For example, the top of a dog's paw is its dorsal surface; the underside, either the palmar (on the forelimb) or the plantar (on the hindlimb) surface. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. What is the medical term meaning the opposite of ventral. Am I going wrong somewhere? nearer the front or the head. In organisms with a changeable shape, such as amoeboid organisms, most directional terms are meaningless, since the shape of the organism is not constant and no distinct axes are fixed.

The palmar fascia is palmar to the tendons of muscles which flex the fingers, and the dorsal venous arch is so named because it is on the dorsal side of the foot.

Do mirrors extend a Medusa's Petrifying Gaze?

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