The conversions provided above then result in: For these types of conversions to be accurate, the cryogenic LNG density must be known. Instantly Convert Million British Thermal Units (MMBtu) to Litres-atmosphere (atm) and Many More Energy, Work, And Heat Conversions Online.

The location of these facilities are shown in Figure 1 [5].

which is required for the converter to function. As shown by Figure 2, the conversion of a typical candidate LNG feed stream, yields values in m3 std/tonne (scf/tonne) as a function solely of the feed gas MW.

Figure 7: Brent and WTI Oil Spot Price through mid-2019 [12], Figure 8. Please share if you found this tool useful: (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); A reasonable effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information presented on this web site.

MRS. KINDRA MARIE SNOW-MCGREGOR is the Technical Director of Oil and Gas Processing with PetroSkills | John M Campbell. The term was shown to evolve from first converting the natural gas in std m3/tonne (scf/tonne) as a function of the molecular weight of the gas, and then converting the mass to liquid applying the LNG cryogenic density. BP recently published the international LNG trade statistics for 2018 in their Statistical Review of World Energy 2019. Conversions were presented graphically, and the final gas to liquid LNG ratios were shown to vary discreetly between some 15 – 20 % below and above the 600 value. Il y a cette page en français. 2: Enter the value you want to convert (normal cubic meter of natural gas). The Henry HUB (Gulf Coast US) Natural Gas sales index has also fallen to some 2.37 $/MMBTU as of July 2019 [14]. In addition, she serves on the GPSA Engineering Data Book Editorial Review Board, and prior to this role, served on the GPA Technical Research Committee, Sub-Group 2, for over 11 years. Asian Import Prices for LNG 2013 – 2019 [9], Figure 6. Then click the Convert Me button. The base conversions are shown below: As an example, consider a natural gas (LNG) stream with MW = 17.4 kg/kmol (lb/lbmol).

For detailed engineering work, and custody transfer allocations round off errors cannot be tolerated. Considering that LNG is sold on an “energy” basis value, one can determine an “EQUIVALENT LNG“ sales price based on the on the variable price for a bbl of crude oil. Natural gas is measured in normal cubic meters (corresponding to 0°C at 101.325 kPa) or in standard cubic feet (corresponding to 60°F/16°C and 14.73 psi). Historically the Japanese and Korean LNG supply contracts have been based on a “crude oil” cocktail pricing method – i.e., the price of LNG is indexed to the value of crude oil. cubic centimeter of atmosphere, standard cubic centimeter As such, with the U.S. entering the international LNG trade, new contract structures and business models are coming about, some of which are indexed to the Henry HUB pricing rather than the price of crude oil. The actual energy may vary up to 15%.

This figure represents the “spot” trading price of LNG, not the negotiated long-term contracts between individual suppliers and consumers.

GPSA Engineering Data Book : 14th Edition – 2017, 8. https://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.php?id=37852, 9. https://www.csis.org/blogs/energy-headlines-versus-trendlines/oil-still-drives-asian-lng-prices, 10. https://ycharts.com/indicators/japan_liquefied_natural_gas_import_price, 11. 7.50 $ /MMBTU with the Crude Oil Parity just under 11 $/MMBTU.

You can also go to the universal conversion page. There are many published “approximate” conversions of natural gas to LNG, where simplifying assumptions that can be made to estimate “rough” numbers as presented above. Sign up to receive the Tip of the Month directly to your inbox! Figure 2. The August TOTM [1] cited this delicate situation when an “oversupply” of even such an important commodity as energy laden LNG is subject to the indissoluble framework of “Supply and Demand” in the world market. KylesConverter.com is not responsible for any inaccurate data provided.

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Unit Conversions | Varieties of LPG bought and sold include mixes that are mostly propane (C₃H₈), mostly butane (C₄H₁₀) and, most commonly, mixes including both propane and butane. To learn more about LNG, we suggest attending our G2 (Overview of Gas Processing),  G29 LNG (Short Course: Technology and the LNG Chain) and G4 LNG (Gas Conditioning and Processing-LNG Emphasis) courses. By: Kindra Snow-McGregor & Dr. Frank E. Ashford. This tonnage related to an average daily natural gas liquefaction rate of approximately 2.75 billion cubic feet per day (Bcfd) produced from three (3) plants, namely Sabine Pass, Corpus Christi, and Cove Point LNG.

Sorry, your browser does not seem to support JavaScript Figure 5. This page is also available in English. These conversions are based on the approximate conversion factors as published by BP.

It seems the balance of 2019 for all world LNG exporters as well as importers could be a very unpredictable and perhaps unstable period for this sector of the world energy commerce if they are depending upon the spot market for their sales. A proper Equation of State (EOS) that is designed to incorporate the non-ideal behavior of hydrocarbon liquids at cryogenic conditions must be used. Figure 3 presents the values for a typical LNG cryogenic density (-160 °C / -260 °F) and atmospheric pressure [6]. Amount To. 1 cubic foot (14.73 psia. K. Snow-McGregor , F. E. Ashford Tip of The Month, “A Primer on LNG - What is it, Where does it fit, and The New Kid on the Block,“ PS/JMC August - 2019, 2. 1 cubic foot = 1,037 Btu (based on U.S. average for natural gas delivered to consumers in 2019, preliminary) Crude oil conversion calculator. LNG Cryogenic Density: (calculated from PS/JMC GCAP -SRK EOS )  [5], Figure 4. The Henry HUB (Gulf Coast US) Natural Gas sales index has also fallen to some 2.37 $/MMBTU as of July 2019 [14]. The situation is rather troublesome for any and all world exporters of the LNG energy commodity relying their trade on the spot market, and only time will tell if and/or when the imbalanced situation will stabilize. To switch the unit simply find the one you want on the page and click it. Sorry, we don't know this substance. Conversions may rely on other factors not accounted for or that have been estimated.

This could be in the units of std m3 natural gas / m3 or conversely, scf natural gas to ft3 LNG.

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The average closing prices for crude oil in 2018 was $65/bbl [8]. (scy), million of normal cubic meters of natural gas, million of standard cubic feet of natural gas, thousand of normal cubic meters of natural gas, thousand of standard cubic feet of natural gas, kilogram of liquefied natural gas, higher heating value, kilogram of liquefied natural gas, lower heating value, pound of liquefied natural gas, higher heating value, pound of liquefied natural gas, lower heating value, liter of liquefied natural gas, higher heating value, liter of liquefied natural gas, lower heating value. In 2019, the crude oil market is maintaining prices in the ranges of 60-75 $/Bbl, refer to Figure 7 [12]. To switch the unit simply find the one you want on the page the. To conserve space on the page some units block may display collapsed. A commonly accepted and referenced value of the decrease in volume of natural gas to LNG is roughly 600:1. Conversion base : 1 MMBtu = 0.18013586919434 boe. A typical LNG MEMBRANE type carrier will accommodate some 170,000 m3, or approximately 21 % additional cargo and value. kilocalorie (kcal) calorie (cal) watt x time. A proper Equation of State (EOS) that is designed to incorporate the non-ideal behavior of hydrocarbon liquids at cryogenic conditions must be used.

It should be noted that the Kenai, Alaska LNG facility was not operational during this period. Natural Gas Unit Conversion Calculator NATURAL GAS UNIT CONVERSION CALCULATOR . 60 o F) = 0.02832784 m3 (101.325 kPa 15oC) NATURAL GAS VOLUME psig MPa 200 1.378951 400 2.757903 600 4.136854 800 5.515806 1,000 6.894757 1,200 8.273708 0.342136 PIPE PRESSURE 1 Btu 60/61°F = 1,054.615 J 1 Btu (IT) = 1,055.06 J 1 foot-pound = 1.355818 J 1 horsepower-hour = … Figure 1. Clicking again will expand the block. The plant operator/engineer, should be aware of these subtle differences. In 2018, the international LNG trade was reported to be 431 billion cubic meters per year (BCM/yr), roughly 15.2 trillion cubic feet per year, which converts to 319 mtpa (million tonnes LNG per annum) [3].

Joule family. could be a very unpredictable and perhaps unstable period for this sector of the world energy commerce if they are depending upon the spot market for their sales. Global Spot LNG Market Prices $/MMBTU: Through May, 2018 [11], “Parity Pricing” Divergence Between Crude Oil and LNG in 2019, The very unfortunate state of LNG worldwide affairs beginning in late 2018 has been a noted downturn in the “Parity Pricing” of LNG vis a vis Crude Oil prices. Units, Conversion & Calculation Blog |

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Million British … You can hide the blocks you don't need by clicking on the block headline. The relative density of a liquid is defined as the density of the liquid relative to water at standard conditions: The LNG cryogenic liquid density is then equivalent to 453 kg/m3 (28.27 lbm/ft3). These conversion factors are summarized in Table 1 [3]. For example, if some 10 000 tonnes/d of a natural gas process stream were to be converted to LNG with properties shown above applying 600 std m3 gas /m3 LNG versus the actual 615 std m3/m3 the liquid LNG results daily yield would be: (note: tonne = 2200 lb). Another interesting concept for LNG processing and subsequent export is the computation of the actual sale value of the product relative to other commonly traded fuels. Let’s review the calculations in detail to understand how the gas MW in kg/kmol [lbm/lbmol] and LNG liquid density change the calculated volume ratio for an operating LNG facility. Enter the value you want to convert (normal cubic meter of natural gas).

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